https://t.co/tlXsLXZarK
26/06/2017 9:21 PM
RT @rethinkecon: 'Going Beyond Exchange' from @TheMinskys @HeskevanDoornen https://t.co/GVNeY8gyIQ
23/06/2017 8:53 PM
RT @ChrisGiles_: Hard or soft Brexit? The six scenarios for Britain https://t.co/Fk2hj8muah via @FT
23/06/2017 8:52 PM
This is worth a read: https://t.co/gjARfKQ6JB
20/06/2017 9:58 PM
RT @PositiveMoneyUK: ...and it’s almost impossible to reduce our debts without causing a recession - Welcome to the debt trap! https://t.co…
20/06/2017 9:49 PM
@Parker_Banking The pirates are in the accendency - on the pirate scale there is no difference between Trump and Pu… https://t.co/XbxmE9OJao
17/06/2017 1:11 PM
RT @PositiveMoneyUK: Why are House Prices So High? https://t.co/kYNWqTc6kP
16/06/2017 3:57 PM
@Omearanz Tax incentives point away from productive investments - asset price inflation is not productive of itself… https://t.co/zOCXPEj93U
15/06/2017 5:00 PM
@Parker_Banking People without income and assets cannot be consumers - superfluous to economy - superfluous to soci… https://t.co/EHIOqdcNXH
15/06/2017 12:18 PM
@Parker_Banking Full of rah rah platitudes: happened before no worries.Then machines replaced muscle/debt low, now… https://t.co/SMvdIfmpi1
15/06/2017 12:15 PM
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19
DEC 14

Make policy for real, not ideal, humans




The following was published in the financial times - to read the full article, click here.

Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made. This famous remark of the German philosopher, Immanuel Kant, is particularly relevant to economists. “Homo economicus” is far-sighted, rational and self-interested. Real human beings are none of these things. We are bundles of emotions, not calculating machines. This matters.

The World Bank’s latest World Development Report examines this territory. It notes that “behavioural economics” alters our view of human behaviour in three ways: first, most of our thinking is not deliberative, but automatic; second, it is socially conditioned; and, third, it is shaped by inaccurate mental models.

The Nobel laureate, Daniel Kahneman, explored the idea that we think in two different ways in his 2011 book Thinking, Fast and Slow . The need for an automatic system is evident. Our ancestors did not have the time to work out answers to life’s challenges from first principles. They acquired automatic responses and a cultural predisposition towards rules of thumb. We inherited both these traits. Thus, we are influenced by how a problem is framed.

Another characteristic is “confirmation bias” — the tendency to interpret new information as support for pre-existing beliefs. We also suffer from loss aversion, fierce resistance to losing what one already has. For our ancestors, on the margin of survival, that made sense.


tags: bias, confirmation bias, behaviour, daniel kahneman, martin wolf, incentives
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